Lessons in History: September 2, 1945 – Japan Surrenders Bringing End to WWII

FILE - In this Sunday, Sept. 2, 1945 picture, Japanese Foreign Minister Namoru Shigemitsu, center in top hat, leads the Japanese delegation aboard the USS Missouri battleship in Tokyo Bay for the signing ceremony for Japanese surrender in World War II.

Aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, Japan formally surrenders to the Allies, bringing an end to World War II.

By the summer of 1945, the defeat of Japan was a foregone conclusion. The Japanese navy and air force were destroyed. The Allied naval blockade of Japan and the intensive bombing of Japanese cities had left the country and its economy devastated. At the end of June, the Americans captured Okinawa, a Japanese island from which the Allies could launch an invasion of the main Japanese home islands. U.S. General Douglas MacArthur was put in charge of the invasion, which was code-named “Operation Olympic” and set for November 1945.

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